POP History 2009 & Volunteer Highlight: Jerry Silberman

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“Community orchards resonated with me because of all the things that trees can provide that vegetables gardens alone can’t – shade for one, but more importantly, a visible symbol of permanence and continuity.”  -Jerry Silberman, 2009 POP Golden Persimmon volunteer

In honor of the Philadelphia Orchard Project’s 10th anniversary in 2017, we’re looking back at a different year in our history every month.  We’re also designating Golden Persimmon Awards for each year in recognition of the extraordinary efforts of our volunteers.

We will be celebrating our 9th annual East Park Strawberry Harvest Festival on June 10th, 2017, a treasured community event first held in 2009!
Philadelphia Orchard Project History: 2009
POP organized our first ever Strawberry Festival in spring and Apple Festival in fall 2009 in collaboration with our community partners the East Park Revitalization Alliance and Woodford Mansion; these engaging community events have continued ever since!  POP’s core work also continued with 5 new community orchards planted in 2009 and the development of a more formal application procedure to vet new community orchard partners.  One of the more exciting projects was partnering with the SHARE Food Program in planting an orchard at their headquarters, now part of a multi-faceted urban farm program educating emergency food recipients about growing and eating a wide variety of fresh produce.  We also planted fruit trees at Greenfield Elementary as part of an innovative, collaborative project in which Philadelphia Water depaved large sections of the schoolyard to create a series of garden spaces.

POP ORCHARDS PLANTED in 2009: SHARE Food Program, Greenfield Elementary, Evelyn Sanders, Richard Allen Preparatory Charter School, Roxborough Presbyterian Church
2009 MEDIA COVERAGE: ‘Power Plants‘, GRID magazine.
2009 GOLDEN PERSIMMON VOLUNTEER:  Jerry Silberman
2009 POP BOARD PRESIDENT: Domenic Vitiello
POP is proud to have planted fruit trees as part of the schoolyard transformation project known as Greening Greenfield, completed in 2009.

POP VOLUNTEER HIGHLIGHT: JERRY SILBERMAN

I don’t remember how I heard about POP, but I was there for the very first planting at the South Philly Teen Orchard and I was hooked. Community orchards resonated with me because of all the things that trees can provide that vegetables gardens alone can’t – shade for one, but more importantly, a visible symbol of permanence and continuity. The vision of POP that the orchards would be community property also speaks to permanence and continuity.  What’s more, I have to confess, most of my favorite foods grow on trees.

After its planting, I served as POP’s Orchard Liaison, or lead volunteer, for the South Philly Teen Orchard for more than five years.  The growth of the Teen Orchard was not a linear, unbroken success. The neighborhood had its share of problems, a polyglot community with new immigrants from many countries, much poverty and the stress that go with it. For a while, a drug house across the street regularly vandalized the orchard.

But for many neighborhood children and teens over the years, it was an exciting project, and a way to share different cultures. Some youth connected some of the plantings with  foods and products in their mother’s kitchens, and many, city born and bred, had their first close up appreciation of plants, bugs, and soil – and the amazement of eating something straight off the bush. In volunteering with POP at the Teen Orchard for many years I enjoyed, and learned from, the company of the young people.  And of course I learned how to care for our plants, and how to pass that learning along.

The growth and development of this orchard helped POP learn and evolve a model of community partnership now applied in neighborhoods across the city. POP’s Orchard Committee meetings spent a lot of time working through how to lead new partner groups through a process that would result long-term success in creating and caring for their community orchard spaces.

A few years ago I organized a bicycle tour as part of Philadelphia Orchard Day, something I hope can happen again. But it would now take several days to see all the sites/sights POP has to offer.

Planted in 2009, the orchard at the SHARE Food Program has since outlasted the neighboring Tastycake factory!

SUPPORT US!  If you found this entry useful, informative, or inspiring, please consider a donation of any size to help POP in planting and supporting community orchards in Philadelphia: phillyorchards.org/donate

Capturing and Conserving Water with Stormwater Catchments and Edible Rain Gardens

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lea elementary rain garden

Volunteers plant water-loving perennials in the rain garden at new Lea Elementary partner orchard (above)

In areas where runoff rainwater or overflow is a concern for causing soil erosion and the possible spread of chemical pollutants, pesticides, or sediment into the watertable, stormwater catchment allows for precipitation to be redirected into the landscape to benefit plantings of perennials tolerant of “wet feet”.  One strategy for stormwater catchment is the installation of rain gardens–sunken basins which capture and absorb runoff in the landscape. Rain gardens are typically planted with water-loving and fibrous-rooted plants such as iris (Iris versicolor) and calamus (Acorus calamus), and trees such as Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica), but edible plants can be included as well.  The Philadelphia Orchard Project has been involved with pilot projects incorporating fruiting and edible plant materials into rain garden plantings at some of its partner schools. In 2009, POP worked with Greening Greenfield and the Philadelphia Water Department (PWD) on a project that incorporated juneberries (Amelanchier spp) and paw paws (Asimina triloba) into rain garden beds at Greenfield Elementary in Center City.  This fall, POP collaborated with Greening Lea, PWD, the Netter Center, and other partners on a project that incorporated blueberries (Vaccinium), chokeberries (Aronia), paw paws, and fiddlehead ferns (Matteuccia) into new rain gardens at Lea Elementary School in West Philadelphia.  What could be better than replacing paved schoolyards with multi-functional green infrastructure?

There are several primary types of rain gardens. The simplest consist of terraformed basins sunk below the level of the surrounding landscape, while others include subsurface gravel pits and/or cisterns for additional water storage. Depending on the size and scale, some engineering is required to calculate capacity and ensure effective stormwater management.

Rainwater harvesting

Rainwater harvesting using rain barrels, cisterns, or other means of storage is another effective strategy for stormwater management that can aid in transforming the negative effects of runoff into a positive resource. If rainfall in the eastern United States amounts to 40 inches annually, as estimated in Gaia’s Garden: A Guide to Home-Scale Permaculture, it’s calculated that that the average 1,000 square-foot residential roof will save 25,000 gallons of water annually – enough to keep a 1,000 square-foot garden watered for 250 days of drought! (p 106)

rain barrel planter rain barrels rain barrel green

Various types of stormwater catchment barrels


Rain barrels

Storage drums and tanks needn’t be an eyesore, either! Some are designed as planters from the outset to lend a distinctive look to a garden. Others, if buried to be half-recessed in the ground, can be overplanted with showy ornamentals to make the tank less obtrusive. Hooked up to a roof’s downspout, barrels collect water (oftentimes topped with metal screening to prevent debris and insects from entry), and hoses and drip irrigation water lines can be connected to carry the collected water out and into the garden.

Many resources exist online for such systems, such as the Harvest H20 community, which provides lots of information on choosing a tank, working with purification filters, and shares success stories of homeowners, schools, and civic buildings that have made use of stormwater management, achieving beneficial results in terms of lessening water use and consumption.

In Philadelphia, free 55-gallon water barrels are available to interested residents along with education, planters, and porous pavers, as part of Rain Check, a Philadelphia Water Department program now managed through PHS that helps residents manage stormwater at their homes. Since June 2011, 1,100 barrels have been incorporated throughout the city, and it’s estimated that stormwater pollution will have been reduced by 85 percent!

Edible Rain Gardens and Water-Loving Perennials

Rain gardens that draw upon the five-fold combination of rich compost to hold moisture, contours that allow for runoff to be held and disbursed through underground channels, swales (shallow trenches that can become saturated with water), and dense and well-mulched plantings that keep the soil cool and prevent plants’ transpiration are a key strategy for conserving water until it’s absorbed by the soil.

Choosing a wide variety of native plants, attractive ornamentals, and pollinator-friendly plants, in addition to edibles and medicinals, contributes to a healthy and vital ecosystem that honors the balance of resources and relationships and provides the greatest benefit for filtering stormwater and runoff. LowImpactDevelopment.org  is a great resource for those planning a rain garden, providing sample templates, designs, and plant lists.

Choose plants that are suited to the drainage your soil receives! A distinguishing characteristic of rain gardens is that plants contained within must withstand wet roots that take anywhere from 24 to 48 hours to drain. Consider adding the following water-loving species to your rain garden:

Fruiting Edibles: Chokeberry (Aronia spp.), Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), Elderberry (Sambucus spp.), High-bush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum), High-bush cranberry (Viburnum trilobum), Paw paw (Asimina triloba), Currants (Ribes rubrum/ nigrum), Gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa,), Jostaberries (Cross between Currants and Gooseberries), Raspberries (Rubus spp.), Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpom), Salmonberries (Rubus spectabilis), Huckleberries (Vaccinium ovatum), Elderberry (Sambucus caerulea/nigrum), Salal (Gaultheria shallon), Wild Ginger (Asarum caudatum)

Herbaceous edibles: Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), Cattail (Typha spp.),  Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva), Taro (Colocasia esculenta)

Medicinals: Comfrey (Symphytum officinale), Horsetail (Equisetum spp.), Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus), Taro (Colocasia esculenta), Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva), Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), Yaupon (Ilex vomitorium)

For more information on water conservation and constructing a resilient ecosystem in the face of runoff, consult the following resources:

Gaia’s Garden: A Guide to Homescale Permaculture: 2nd Edition by Toby Hemenway

http://phillywatersheds.org/what_were_doing/documents_and_data/cso_long_term_control_plan

http://www.harvesth2o.com/

http://www.gardenguides.com/112932-plant-fruit-trees-wet-locations.html

http://www.lowimpactdevelopment.org/raingarden_design/whatisaraingarden.htm

http://rainwaterharvesting.tamu.edu/files/2011/05/Rain-Garden-Plant-List-11-02-09.pdf

This edition of POP Tips researched and compiled by 2015 POP Outreach Intern, Alyssa Schimmel.

SUPPORT US! If you found this entry useful, informative, or inspiring, please consider a donation of any size to help POP in planting and supporting community orchards in Philadelphia: phillyorchards.org/donate.